Plexin D1 expression is induced on tumor vasculature and tumor cells: a novel target for diagnosis and therapy?
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SourceCancer Research, 65, 18, (2005), pp. 8317-23
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectBio-Molecular Chemistry; DCN 2: Functional Neurogenomics; NCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease; NCMLS 7: Chemical and physical biology; UMCN 1.3: Tumor microenvironment; UMCN 3.1: Neuromuscular development and genetic disorders; UMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism
We previously reported that during mouse embryogenesis, plexin D1 (plxnD1) is expressed on neuronal and endothelial cells. Endothelial cells gradually loose plxnD1 expression during development. Here we describe, using in situ hybridization, that endothelial plxnD1 expression is regained during tumor angiogenesis in a mouse model of brain metastasis. Importantly, we found PLXND1 expression also in a number of human brain tumors, both of primary and metastatic origin. Apart from the tumor vasculature, abundant expression was also found on tumor cells. Via panning of a phage display library, we isolated two phages that carry single-domain antibodies with specific affinity towards a PLXND1-specific peptide. Immunohistochemistry with these single-domain antibodies on the same tumors that were used for in situ hybridization confirmed PLXND1 expression on the protein level. Furthermore, both these phages and the derived antibodies specifically homed to vessels in brain lesions of angiogenic melanoma in mice after i.v. injection. These results show that PLXND1 is a clinically relevant marker of tumor vasculature that can be targeted via i.v. injections.
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