The influence of stride selection on gait parameters collected with inertial sensors
Number of pages
SourceSensors, 23, 4, (2023), article 2002
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC SMN
SubjectAction, intention, and motor control; All institutes and research themes of the Radboud University Medical Center; Radboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
Different methods exist to select strides that represent preferred, steady-state gait. The aim of this study was to identify the effect of different stride-selection methods on spatiotemporal gait parameters to analyze steady-state gait. A total of 191 patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis (aged 38-85) wearing inertial sensors walked back and forth over 10 m for two minutes. After the removal of strides in turns, five stride-selection methods were compared: (ALL) include all strides, others removed (REFERENCE) two strides around turns, (ONE) one stride around turns, (LENGTH) strides <63% of median stride length, and (SPEED) strides that fall outside the 95% confidence interval of gait speed over the strides included in REFERENCE. Means and SDs of gait parameters were compared for each trial against the most conservative definition (REFERENCE). ONE and SPEED definitions resulted in similar means and SDs compared to REFERENCE, while ALL and LENGTH definitions resulted in substantially higher SDs of all gait parameters. An in-depth analysis of individual strides showed that the first two strides after and last two strides before a turn were significantly different from steady-state walking. Therefore, it is suggested to exclude the first two strides around turns to assess steady-state gait.
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