Clinical and in vitro evaluation of red blood cells collected and stored in a non-DEHP plasticized bag system
SourceVox Sanguinis, 117, 10, (2022), pp. 1163-1170
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Di-ethyl-hexyl-phthalate (DEHP) is currently the main plasticizer used for whole blood collection systems. However, in Europe, after May 2025, DEHP may no longer be used above 0.1% (w/w) in medical devices. DEHP stabilizes red cell membranes, thereby suppressing haemolysis during storage. Here we compared in vitro quality parameters of red cell concentrates (RCCs) collected and stored in DEHP-, DINCH- or DINCH/BTHC-PVC hybrid blood bags with saline-adenine-glucose-mannitol (SAGM) or phosphate-adenine-glucose-guanosine-saline-mannitol (PAGGSM) storage solution. Last, we performed haemovigilance surveillance for RCC collected in DINCH-PVC and stored in PAGGSM/BTHC-PVC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro quality parameters of RCC were determined during 42 days of storage. Haemovigilance surveillance was conducted to compare the frequency and type of transfusion reaction. RESULTS: Haemolysis levels were increased in SAGM/BTHC-PVC as compared to SAGM/DEHP-PVC (0.66% ± 0.18% vs. 0.36% ± 0.17%). PAGGSM storage solution was able to adequately suppress haemolysis to levels observed during storage in SAGM/DEHP-PVC, both in BTHC-PVC (0.38% ± 0.12%), and to a slightly lesser extent in DINCH-PVC (0.48% ± 0.17%). A total of 1650 PAGGSM/BTHC-PVC and 5662 SAGM/DEHP-PVC RCC were transfused yielding a transfusion reaction frequency of 0.24% (95% CI 0.0000-0.0048) and 0.44% (95% CI 0.0027-0.0061) respectively. CONCLUSION: The in vitro quality of RCC stored in PAGGSM/BTHC-PVC and SAGM/DEHP-PVC is comparable. There is no indication that transfusion of erythrocytes stored in PAGGSM/BTHC-PVC results in increased transfusion reaction frequency. These initial results provide a basis for further clinical evaluation to narrow down the confidence interval of transfusion reaction frequency.
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- Faculty of Medical Sciences 
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