The influence of rearing conditions on maternal behavior in cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis)
SourceInternational Journal of Primatology, 17, 2, (1996), pp. 259-276
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC BI
International Journal of Primatology
We studied the influence of rearing on the adequacy of maternal behavior by comparing 20 harem-reared and 15 peer-reared primiparous cynomolgus monkeys. We used them plus 11 wild-caught females to extend this comparison to multiparous subjects and also to compare primiparae with multiparae. We observed no behavioral effect of rearing and parity. Primiparous maternal adequacy amounted to 93% in peer-reared subjects and to 95% in harem-reared monkeys. We extensively discuss theories concerning rearing effects. Leitmotifs throughout the discussion are survival value of maternal behavior immediately after parturition and predictive value of this behavior for the further course of maternal behavior. Support is accumulated for the hypothesis that certain tactile and visual experiences suffice for the development of adequate maternal behavior.
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