Peripheral blood lymphocyte appearance in a case of I cell disease.
SourceJournal of Clinical Pathology : the Journal of the Association of Clinical Pathologists, 54, 9, (2001), pp. 724--6
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
Journal of Clinical Pathology : the Journal of the Association of Clinical Pathologists
SubjectInborn errors of metabolism; Innovation and Quality assurance in laboratory medicine; Erfelijke stofwisselingsziekten; Ontwikkeling en kwaliteitsborging in de laboratoriumgeneeskunde
In general, peripheral blood smears are performed to obtain information with regard to various morphological features as an aid in the diagnosis of infection or malignancy. This report presents a patient with I cell disease (inclusion cell disease), a fatal lysosomal storage disorder caused by a defect in an enzyme responsible for the transfer of mannose-6-phosphate ligands to precursor lysosomal enzymes. As a consequence, most lysosomal enzymes are transported outside the cell instead of being correctly targeted into the lysosomes, resulting in the storage of macromolecules in lysosomes. I cell disease, with its heterogeneous clinical presentation, can be diagnosed by the presence of intracellular vacuole-like inclusions in lymphocytes and fibroblasts, high serum lysosomal enzyme activities, and a defect of N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase. This report describes the morphological aspects of peripheral lymphocytes in a blood smear of a patient, the first clue to the final diagnosis of I cell disease. The observed vacuole-like inclusions in lymphocytes of this patient were negative for periodic acid Schiff (PAS) and Sudan black B staining, in contrast to earlier reports.
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