Better diagnostic value of tissue cultures obtained during mini-open and arthroscopic procedures compared with sterile punctures to identify periprosthetic shoulder infections: a retrospective cohort study
SourceJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 31, 5, (2022), pp. 932-939
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
SubjectRadboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of sterile shoulder needle aspiration and cultures obtained during arthroscopic and mini-open procedures for detecting periprosthetic shoulder infections using tissue cultures from revision surgery as the gold standard. METHODS: All shoulder arthroplasty patients who underwent a synovial fluid puncture between August 2012 and February 2018 were selected. In addition, arthroplasty patients with cultures obtained during arthroscopic or mini-open procedures between May 2014 and May 2021 were selected. When sterile punctures or biopsy procedures were followed by revision surgery with collection of 6 tissue cultures, patients were included in the study and efficacy measures were calculated. RESULTS: Fifty-six patients were included in this study (with 57 punctures) and underwent analysis of puncture results after exclusions. Positive puncture results were found for Cutibacterium acnes, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus hominis, Actinomyces neuii, and Proteus mirabilis. These puncture cultures showed a sensitivity of 20.0% and specificity of 90.6%. From May 2014 to May 2021, 51 biopsy procedures were performed (15 arthroscopic and 36 mini-open); 37 biopsy procedures were included in this study (12 arthroscopic and 25 mini-open) for analysis after exclusions. Positive culture results were found for C acnes, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus saccharolyticus, and Streptococcus species. Arthroscopic biopsy cultures showed a sensitivity of 60.0% and specificity of 85.7%. For the mini-open biopsy cultures, the sensitivity and specificity were 66.7% and 85.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Sterile punctures for culture have a low sensitivity and a high specificity for diagnosing periprosthetic shoulder infections. Tissue cultures obtained during mini-open and arthroscopic procedures have a higher sensitivity for detecting periprosthetic shoulder infections.
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