Integration of the Ki-67 proliferation index into the Ogata score improves its diagnostic sensitivity for low-grade myelodysplastic syndromes
SourceLeukemia Research, 113, (2022), article 106789
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: Although flow cytometric detection of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with the Ogata score has a high specificity, its sensitivity for low-grade MDS is low. Additional markers are needed to improve its diagnostic reliability. Therefore, we investigated the diagnostic performance of the Ki-67 proliferation index in bone marrow (BM) cell populations for detection of MDS. METHODS: BM aspirates from 50 MDS patients and 20 non-clonal cytopenic controls were analyzed with flow cytometry to determine the Ogata score and the Ki-67 proliferation indices in different cell populations. RESULTS: Ki-67 proliferation indices alone could be used to detect MDS with a sensitivity of up to 80 % and specificity of up to 70 %. Combining the Ogata score with the Ki-67 proliferation index of erythroid cells significantly improved its sensitivity for detection of MDS from 66 % to 90 %, while maintaining a specificity of 100 %. Particularly, the sensitivity for detection of low-grade MDS improved from 56 % to 91 %. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study using Ki-67 proliferation indices to detect MDS and shows their particularly high diagnostic sensitivity for detection of low-grade MDS. Integration of the Ki-67 proliferation index of erythroid cells into the Ogata score significantly improved its sensitivity without loss of the high specificity.
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