Case series of docetaxel, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab (DTP) as first line anti-HER2 therapy and ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) as second line for recurrent or metastatic HER2-positive salivary duct carcinoma
SourceOral Oncology, 125, (2022), article 105703
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
OBJECTIVE: Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) overexpresses Human Epidermal growth factor Receptor 2 (HER2) in 29-46% of cases, favoring anti-HER2 therapy. Here, we present the results of patients with recurrent or metastatic HER2-positive SDC treated with docetaxel, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab (DTP) as first line anti-HER2 therapy and subsequently ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in second line. Furthermore, we searched for potential biomarkers. METHODS: Retrospective case series from a tertiary hospital. First line anti-HER2 treatment consisted of DTP, after progression T-DM1 was considered for patients with an adequate performance status. Objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed and related to mRNA-based PI3K and MAPK signaling pathway activity scores. RESULTS: Thirteen SDC HER2 + patients received DTP. In twelve evaluable patients, one complete response (CR) and six partial responses (PR) were observed (ORR 58%), with a median PFS of 6.9 months (95%-CI 5.3-8.5). Seven patients received subsequent T-DM1 in second line, resulting in four PR (ORR 57%), with a median PFS of 4.4 months (95%-CI 0-18.8). Median OS after start of DTP was 42.0 months (95%-CI 13.8-70.1). Grade ≥ 3 toxicity on DTP was seen in 39% of patients, and 14% on T-DM1. Highest combined PI3K and MAPK signaling was seen in the patient with CR and lowest in the patient with progressive disease on DTP. CONCLUSION: In R/M HER2-positive SDC patients DTP followed by T-DM1 upon progression are promising treatments, leading to responses in the majority (58%) of the patients at an acceptable toxicity profile.
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