Validation of the Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology and the diagnostic accuracy of FNA cytology for submandibular gland lesions
SourceCancer Cytopathology, 130, 3, (2022), pp. 189-194
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
SubjectRadboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: The Milan System for Salivary Gland Cytopathology (MSRSGC) is a categorical system for salivary gland fine-needle aspiration cytopathology (FNAC) developed to aid clinicians in the management of salivary gland lesions. This classification is widely studied and validated, especially in cohorts that consist of mostly parotid gland lesions. However, only sparse literature describes the use of this classification for submandibular gland lesions in particular. METHODS: All patients in the Netherlands that underwent a submandibular gland resection between January 1, 2006, and January 1, 2017, with a FNAC before resection were identified with the use of the Dutch Pathology Registry database (PALGA). All FNAC results were retrospectively classified according to the MSRSGC. The risk of malignancy was calculated for all the MSRSGC categories. The sensitivity and specificity of the MSRSGC classification were calculated for submandibular gland FNAC. RESULTS: A total of 837 patients who underwent 975 FNAC aspirates from the submandibular glands were included in the analysis. Risks of malignancy for each of the MSRSGC categories were 14.4% in nondiagnostic, 4.4% in nonneoplastic, 37.0% in atypia of unknown significance, 3.9% in benign neoplasms, 40.7% in salivary gland neoplasms of unknown malignant potential, 76.2% in suspected malignant, and 91.3% in malignant cytology results. The sensitivity for diagnosing malignant submandibular gland tumors was 71.6% and specificity was 98.4%. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study validate the use of this classification for submandibular gland lesions. Risks of malignancy vary according to the anatomical subsites of the salivary gland lesions. LAY SUMMARY: The risks of malignancy of the various Milan System for Salivary Gland Cytopathology (MSRSGC) categories vary according to the anatomical subsite of the salivary gland lesion. The proposed management techniques of the MSRSGC are valid for use with submandibular gland lesions.
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
- Academic publications 
- Electronic publications 
- Faculty of Medical Sciences 
- Open Access publications 
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.