Secondary injury and inflammation after intracerebral haemorrhage: a systematic review and meta-analysis of molecular markers in patient brain tissue
SourceJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 93, 2, (2022), pp. 126-132
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
SubjectRadboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory responses to intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) are potential therapeutic targets. We aimed to quantify molecular markers of inflammation in human brain tissue after ICH compared with controls using meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched OVID MEDLINE (1946-) and Embase (1974-) in June 2020 for studies that reported any measure of a molecular marker of inflammation in brain tissue from five or more adults after ICH. We assessed risk of bias using a modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (mNOS; mNOS score 0-9; 9 indicates low bias), extracted aggregate data, and used random effects meta-analysis to pool associations of molecules where more than two independent case-control studies reported the same outcome and Gene Ontology enrichment analysis to identify over-represented biological processes in pooled sets of differentially expressed molecules (International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews ID: CRD42018110204). RESULTS: Of 7501 studies identified, 44 were included: 6 were case series and 38 were case-control studies (median mNOS score 4, IQR 3-5). We extracted data from 21 491 analyses of 20 951 molecules reported by 38 case-control studies. Only one molecule (interleukin-1β protein) was quantified in three case-control studies (127 ICH cases vs 41 ICH-free controls), which found increased abundance of interleukin-1β protein after ICH (corrected standardised mean difference 1.74, 95% CI 0.28 to 3.21, p=0.036, I(2)=46%). Processes associated with interleukin-1β signalling were enriched in sets of molecules that were more abundant after ICH. CONCLUSION: Interleukin-1β abundance is increased after ICH, but analyses of other inflammatory molecules after ICH lack replication. Interleukin-1β pathway modulators may optimise inflammatory responses to ICH and merit testing in clinical trials.
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