Rejection of equal adoption rights for same-sex couples across European countries: Socializing influences on the national level and cross-national interactions
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 103, 2, (2022), pp. 274-293
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ RSCR SOC
Social Science Quarterly
SubjectInequality, cohesion and modernization; Ongelijkheid, cohesie en modernisering
Objective: We propose to test theoretically driven hypotheses on the rejection of equal adoption rights for same-sex couples with factors at the national, individual, and cross-level interactions. Method: Most recent data from the European Social Survey were used (2018-2019, n = 40.494). Results: As expected, equal adoption rights are more strongly rejected in countries that had communist/Nazi regimes and have less progressive laws on same-sex relationships. Same-sex marriage has been proven fruitful in predicting less rejection of equal adoption rights among individuals in countries that legalized adoption for same-sex couples. Additionally, we found cross-level interactions for progressive laws with cohort and gender. Conclusion: Progressive laws on same-sex relationships function as a "buffer" for rejection of equal adoption rights, also among progressive (western) countries. Yet this effect seems to hold especially for younger cohorts and women.
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