The effect of chemotherapy on the exposure-response relation of abiraterone in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer
SourceBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 88, 3, (2022), pp. 1170-1178
Article / Letter to editor
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British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 15: Urological cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 15: Urological cancers RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
AIMS: To assess whether the exposure-response relation for abiraterone is different in pre-chemotherapy patients compared to post-chemotherapy patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS: Data were collected from three clinical studies in mCRPC patients treated with abiraterone acetate. Cox regression analysis was used to determine the relation between abiraterone exposure and survival (progression-free survival [PFS] and overall survival [OS]). An interaction term was used to test whether chemotherapy pretreatment was an effect modifier. To investigate the effect of the previously defined exposure threshold of 8.4 ng/mL on survival, Kaplan-Meier analysis was used. RESULTS: In total, 98 mCRPC patients were included, of which 78 were pre-chemotherapy and 20 were post-chemotherapy patients. Chemotherapy pretreatment in mCRPC setting appears to be an effect modifier. In pre-chemotherapy patients, no significant association between abiraterone exposure and survival was observed (HR 0.68 [95% CI 0.42-1.10], P = .12 and HR 0.85 [95% CI 0.46-1.60], P = .61, PFS and OS, respectively) and no longer survival was seen for patients with an abiraterone exposure above the predefined threshold. In contrast, a significant association was seen in post-chemotherapy patients (HR 0.30 [95% CI 0.12-0.74], P = .01 and HR 0.38 [95% CI 0.18-0.82] P = .01, PFS and OS, respectively), with an increased survival when exposed above this threshold. CONCLUSION: Chemotherapy pretreatment in mCRPC setting modifies the abiraterone exposure-response relation. No relation between abiraterone exposure and survival was seen for pre-chemotherapy patients. Therefore, potentially lower doses can be used in this setting to prevent overtreatment and reduce financial toxicity.
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