Differences in clinical presentation and management between pre- and postsurgical diagnoses of urinary bladder paraganglioma: is there clinical relevance? A systematic review
SourceWorld Journal of Urology, 40, 2, (2022), pp. 385-390
Article / Letter to editor
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World Journal of Urology
SubjectRadboudumc 15: Urological cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
PURPOSE: Paraganglioma of the urinary bladder (UBPGL) is a rare neuroendocrine tumor diagnosed in many patients only after surgery. We, therefore, assessed clinical clues relevant to presurgical diagnosis and clinical consequences in patients with a missed presurgical diagnosis of UBPGL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case reports describing a UBPGL (published from 1-1-2001 and 31-12-2020) were identified in Pubmed. Two authors independently performed data extraction and assessed data quality according to the PRISMA guideline. Patients were divided into two groups: UBPGL diagnosis before and after surgery. RESULTS: We included 177 articles reporting 194 cases. In 90 (46.4%) patients, the UBPGL was diagnosed before and in 104 (53.6%) after surgery. In presurgically diagnosed UBPGL, hypertension and catecholamine-associated symptoms were 2- to 3-fold (p < 0.001) more frequent than in postsurgically diagnosed patients whereas hematuria was twofold (p = 0.003) more prevalent in those with postsurgical diagnosis. Hypertension was an independent factor for presurgical biochemical testing (OR 4.45, 95% CI 1.66-11.94) while hematuria (OR 0.23, 95% CI 0.09-0.60) was an independent factor for not performing presurgical biochemical testing. Most patients diagnosed after surgery were not pretreated with alpha-adrenoceptor blockade (95.2%), underwent more frequently transurethral resection instead of cystectomy (70.2% vs. 23.1%) and had more frequent peroperative complications and residual tumor mass. CONCLUSIONS: In nearly half of all patients with a UBPGL, the diagnosis was not established before surgery. Hypertension and hematuria contributed independently to a presurgical diagnosis. Postsurgical diagnosis, which was associated with suboptimal presurgical and surgical management, resulted in more peroperative complications and incomplete tumor resections.
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