Instability, an unforeseen diagnosis of the Legion™ hinge knee system
SourceKnee, 28, (2021), pp. 97-103
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: Instability is an infrequently encountered diagnosis in rotating hinge knee (rHK) implants. With the introduction of a new rHK implant, we encountered multiple patients who complained of instability. This article presents its prevalence while describing our diagnostic and treatment algorithms. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a cohort of all consecutive patients treated with the Legion™ Hinge Knee System (Smith&Nephew, Memphis, Tennessee) as primary or revision procedure between July 2014 and December 2018 was performed. All patients reporting a sense of instability or having recurrent joint effusion after activity were suspected of experiencing instability. Stress X-rays were performed and brace treatment was started. In patients with insufficient effect of brace treatment, a liner exchange to a thicker liner was performed. Prevalence of instability and the effect of treatment was analysed descriptively. RESULTS: In total, six patients were categorized as patients having instability problems (prevalence 3.5%; male:female ratio 5:1; median age 69.5 years; all revision procedures). Indication for revision to the Legion rHK implant was infection (three), instability (two) and aseptic loosening (one). In two patients, a prior rHK implant was revised. All patients showed tilting beyond the tolerance on stress X-ray examination. Brace treatment was adequate in three patients; in the other three patients a liner exchange was performed, two of which were satisfied. CONCLUSION: Instability is an infrequently encountered diagnosis in rHK implants. The design of the Legion rHK implant seems prone to this problem with a prevalence of 3.5%. If brace treatment is insufficient a liner exchange might be considered.
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