Nicotinamide Riboside Improves Ataxia Scores and Immunoglobulin Levels in Ataxia Telangiectasia
SourceMovement Disorders, 36, 12, (2021), pp. 2951-2957
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectAnalytical Chemistry; Radboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 6: Metabolic Disorders RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
BACKGROUND: Treatment of animal models with ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) with nicotinamide riboside (NR) improved their neurological outcome and survival. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of NR in patients with A-T. METHODS: In this open-label, proof-of-concept study, 24 patients with A-T were treated with NR during four consecutive months. The effects of NR on ataxia, dysarthria, quality of life, and laboratory parameters were analyzed. RESULTS: During treatment, ataxia scores improved; mean total Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia and International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale scores decreased to 2.4 and 10.1 points, respectively. After NR withdrawal, ataxia scores worsened. In immunodeficient patients, the mean serum IgG concentration increased substantially until the end of the study period with 0.52 g/L. Untargeted metabolomics analysis revealed increased plasma levels of NR metabolites and purine nucleosides during treatment. Adverse effects did not occur. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with NR is tolerated well and associated with improvement in ataxia and serum immunoglobulin concentrations in patients with A-T. © 2021 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
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