[Safety culture in orthopedics and trauma surgery : A qualitative study of the physicians' perspective]
SourceDer Unfallchirurg, 124, 6, (2021), pp. 481-488
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: Hospitals in Germany operate risk management, which can support the prevention of adverse events and to systematically process them. Safety culture is one aspect of this. In German-speaking countries, however, surveying the safety culture is still limited and almost exclusively carried out using quantitative instruments. In Germany, the discipline of orthopedics and trauma surgery is characterized by a high number of confirmed treatment errors and lack of risk clarification, Therefore, this study investigated the safety culture in this discipline. OBJECTIVE: (I) How do orthopedic and trauma surgeons perceive the handling of adverse events in trauma centers and (II) what are relevant components of the safety culture from a medical perspective? MATERIAL AND METHODS: A qualitative study using 14 semi-structured one-to-one interviews was carried out with physicians in orthopedics and trauma surgery. The interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, and analyzed using the thematic analysis by Braun and Clarke and the Yorkshire contribution factors framework. The MAXQDA software was used to organize data. RESULTS: A strong influence of senior staff on the handling of adverse events in the medical team could be determined. It was expected that senior staff members have a strong model role function. They were expected to exemplify a high safety culture, because their behavior influences the team's behavior in patient safety-related situations. CONCLUSION: The involvement of senior staff in the development of interventions to improve the safety culture in orthopedics and trauma surgery should be considered due to the importance of hierarchical structures.
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