Ultrasound modulation of macaque prefrontal cortex selectively alters credit assignment-related activity and behavior
Number of pages
SourceScience Advances, 7, 51, (2021), article eabg7700
Article / Letter to the editor
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SW OZ DCC SMN
SubjectAction, intention, and motor control
Credit assignment is the association of specific instances of reward to the specific events, such as a particular choice, that caused them. Without credit assignment, choice values reflect an approximate estimate of how good the environment was when the choice was made - the global reward state - rather than exactly which outcome the choice caused. Combined transcranial ultrasound stimulation (TUS) and functional magnetic resonance imaging in macaques demonstrate credit assignment–related activity in prefrontal area 47/12o, and when this signal was disrupted with TUS, choice value representations across the brain were impaired. As a consequence, behavior was no longer guided by choice value, and decision-making was poorer. By contrast, global reward state-related activity in the adjacent anterior insula remained intact and determined decision-making after prefrontal disruption.
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