Performance monitoring in obsessive-compulsive disorder: Insights from internal capsule/nucleus accumbens deep brain stimulation
Number of pages
SourceNeuroimage. Clinical, 31, (2021), article 102746
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC SMN
SubjectAction, intention, and motor control
Background: Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are partly related to impaired cognitive control processes and theta modulations constitute an important electrophysiological marker for cognitive control processes such as signaling negative performance feedback in a fronto-striatal network. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) targeting the anterior limb of the internal capsule (ALIC)/nucleus accumbens (NAc) shows clinical efficacy in OCD, while the exact influence on the performance monitoring system remains largely unknown. Methods: Seventeen patients with treatment-refractory OCD performed a probabilistic reinforcement learning task. Analyses were focused on 4-8 Hz (theta) power, intertrial phase coherence (ITPC) and debiased weighted Phase-Lag Index (dwPLI) in response to negative performance feedback. Combined EEG and local field potential (LFP) recordings were obtained shortly after DBS electrode implantation to investigate fronto-striatal network modulations. To assess the impact of clinically effective DBS on negative performance feedback modulations, EEG recordings were obtained pre-surgery and at follow-up with DBS on and off. Results: Medial frontal cortex ITPC, striatal ITPC and striato-frontal dwPLI were increased following negative performance feedback. Decreased right-lateralized dwPLI was associated with pre-surgery symptom severity. ITPC was globally decreased during DBS-off. Conclusion: We observed a theta phase coherence mediated fronto-striatal performance monitoring network. Within this network, decreased connectivity was related to increased OCD symptomatology, consistent with the idea of impaired cognitive control in OCD. While ALIC/NAc DBS decreased theta network activity globally, this effect was unrelated to clinical efficacy and performance monitoring.
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