Real-time edge neuromorphic tasting from chemical microsensor arrays
Number of pages
SourceFrontiers in Neuroscience, 15, (2021), article 771480
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC AI
Frontiers in Neuroscience
SubjectCognitive artificial intelligence
Liquid analysis is key to track conformity with the strict process quality standards of sectors like food, beverage, and chemical manufacturing. In order to analyse product qualities online and at the very point of interest, automated monitoring systems must satisfy strong requirements in terms of miniaturization, energy autonomy, and real time operation. Towards this goal, we present the first implementation of artificial taste running on neuromorphic hardware for continuous edge monitoring applications. We used a solid-state electrochemical microsensor array to acquire multivariate, time-varying chemical measurements, employed temporal filtering to enhance sensor readout dynamics, and deployed a rate-based, deep convolutional spiking neural network to efficiently fuse the electrochemical sensor data. To evaluate performance we created MicroBeTa (Microsensor Beverage Tasting), a new dataset for beverage classification incorporating seven hours of temporal recordings performed over three days, including sensor drifts and sensor replacements. Our implementation of artificial taste is 15x more energy efficient on inference tasks than similar convolutional architectures running on other commercial, low power edge-AI inference devices, achieving over 178x lower latencies than the sampling period of the sensor readout, and high accuracy (>97%) on a single Intel Loihi neuromorphic research processor included in a USB stick form factor.
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