Informalisation of international volunteering: A new analytical framework explaining differential impacts of the 'orphanage tourism' debate in the Netherlands
Number of pages
SourceJournal of International Development, 33, 8, (2021), pp. 1304-1320
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ RSCR CAOS
Journal of International Development
SubjectAnthropology and Development Studies
Over the past years, there has been increasing public criticism of international volunteering. Yet, the academic literature has so far given limited insight into the diversity of this complex and 'liquid' field. To fill this gap, this article develops a taxonomy of volunteering providers with different goals and behaviours. The value of this new taxonomy is illustrated by applying the analytical framework to 'orphanage tourism' in the Netherlands. The study highlights the differential impact of public criticism on orphanage tourism, with a catalysing effect on the trend of informalisation towards increasing prominence of smaller nonspecialist development-oriented providers in this field.
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