Barriers and facilitators to integrate oral health care for older adults in general (basic) care in East Netherlands. Part 1: Normative integration
SourceGerodontology, 38, 2, (2021), pp. 154-165
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
OBJECTIVE: to synthesise a framework of barriers and facilitators in the normative integration of oral health care (OHC) into general health care for frail older adults at macro (system), meso (organisation and interprofessional integration) and micro (clinical practice) levels. BACKGROUND: Identification of these barriers and facilitators is expected to promote better and more appropriate care. METHODS: For this qualitative study, comprising 41 participants, representatives of 10 different groups of (professional) care providers, and OHC receivers (home-dwelling, and nursing home patients) in East Netherlands were interviewed. Transcripts of the in-depth, topic-guided interviews were thematically analysed. In a subsequent workshop with 52 stakeholders, results and interpretations were discussed and refined. RESULTS: Two main themes were identified: (1) a compartmentalised care culture in which OHC and general health care are seen as two separate realms, and (2) prioritisation, awareness and attitude regarding OHC integration. Subthemes such as low political attention (macro level); unclear responsibilities, hierarchical relations and the lack of vision of organisations (meso level); and poor awareness and low prioritisation by care providers and patients (micro level) were identified as potential barriers. Subthemes such as leadership (meso level), and the supportive personality of individual caregivers and ownership of patients (micro level) were identified as facilitators. CONCLUSION: Barriers and facilitators in normative OHC integration in The Netherlands are interrelated and apparent at macro-, meso- and micro levels. They are mainly related to (a) a compartmentalised care culture, and (b) related low prioritisation, and poor awareness of and attitude towards (integration of) oral health (care).
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