Deep brain stimulation in Lesch-Nyhan disease: outcomes from the patient's perspective
SourceDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 63, 8, (2021), pp. 963-968
Article / Letter to editor
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Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
SubjectRadboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
AIM: To provide insight into outcome and long-term safety and efficacy of deep brain stimulation (DBS), from the perspective of individuals with Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) and their families. METHOD: We used patient-centered outcome measures to assess long-term outcomes of DBS for 14 individuals (mean [SD] age 10y 10mo [5y 6mo], range 5-23y, all males) with LND, after an average duration of 5y 6mo (range 11mo-10y 5mo) after surgery. We compared these results with a comprehensive review of previously published cases. RESULTS: Patients and their families reported that DBS of the globus pallidus can be effective both for motor and behavioral disturbances in LND. However, outcome measures were often not significantly changed owing to substantial variability among individuals, and were overall less positive than in previous reports based on clinician assessments. In addition, there was an unexpectedly high rate of adverse events, tempering overall enthusiasm for the procedure. INTERPRETATION: Although DBS might be an effective treatment for LND, more research is needed to understand the reasons for response variability and the unusually high rates of adverse events before DBS can be recommended for these patients. What this paper adds Individuals with Lesch-Nyhan disease and their families report variable efficacy of deep brain stimulation. Long-term outcomes are associated with a high adverse event rate.
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