(11)C-Sorafenib and (15)O-H(2)O PET for Early Evaluation of Sorafenib Therapy
SourceThe Journal of Nuclear Medicine (1978), 62, 7, (2021), pp. 934-940
Article / Letter to editor
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The Journal of Nuclear Medicine (1978)
SubjectRadboudumc 14: Tumours of the digestive tract RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
Sorafenib leads to clinical benefit in a subgroup of patients, whereas all are exposed to potential toxicity. Currently, no predictive biomarkers are available. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether (11)C-sorafenib and (15)O-H(2)O PET have potential to predict treatment efficacy. Methods: In this prospective exploratory study, 8 patients with advanced solid malignancies and an indication for sorafenib treatment were included. Microdose (11)C-sorafenib and perfusion (15)O-H(2)O dynamic PET scans were performed before and after 2 wk of sorafenib therapy. The main objective was to assess whether tumor (11)C-sorafenib uptake predicts sorafenib concentrations during therapy in corresponding tumor biopsy samples measured with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Secondary objectives included determining the association of (11)C-sorafenib PET findings, perfusion (15)O-H(2)O PET findings, and sorafenib concentrations after therapeutic dosing with response. Results: (11)C-sorafenib PET findings did not predict sorafenib concentrations in tumor biopsy samples during therapy. In addition, sorafenib plasma and tumor concentrations were not associated with clinical outcome in this exploratory study. Higher (11)C-sorafenib accumulation in tumors at baseline and day 14 of treatment showed an association with poorer prognosis and correlated with tumor perfusion (Spearman correlation coefficient = 0.671, P = 0.020). Interestingly, a decrease in tumor perfusion measured with (15)O-H(2)O PET after only 14 d of therapy showed an association with response, with a decrease in tumor perfusion of 56% ± 23% (mean ± SD) versus 18% ± 32% in patients with stable and progressive disease, respectively. Conclusion: Microdose (11)C-sorafenib PET did not predict intratumoral sorafenib concentrations after therapeutic dosing, but the association between a decrease in tumor perfusion and clinical benefit warrants further investigation.
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