Low-GDP, pH-neutral solutions preserve peritoneal endothelial glycocalyx during long-term peritoneal dialysis
SourceClinical and Experimental Nephrology, 25, 9, (2021), pp. 1035-1046
Article / Letter to editor
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Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
BACKGROUND: During peritoneal dialysis (PD), solute transport and ultrafiltration are mainly achieved by the peritoneal blood vasculature. Glycocalyx lies on the surface of endothelial cells and plays a role in vascular permeability. Low-glucose degradation product (GDP), pH-neutral PD solutions reportedly offer higher biocompatibility and lead to less peritoneal injury. However, the effects on the vasculature have not been clarified. METHODS: Peritoneal tissues from 11 patients treated with conventional acidic solutions (acidic group) and 11 patients treated with low-GDP, pH-neutral solutions (neutral group) were examined. Control tissues were acquired from 5 healthy donors of kidney transplants (control group). CD31 and ratio of luminal diameter to vessel diameter (L/V ratio) were evaluated to identify endothelial cells and vasculopathy, respectively. Immunostaining for heparan sulfate (HS) domains and Ulex europaeus agglutinin-1 (UEA-1) binding was performed to assess sulfated glycosaminoglycans and the fucose-containing sugar chain of glycocalyx. RESULTS: Compared with the acidic group, the neutral group showed higher CD31 positivity. L/V ratio was significantly higher in the neutral group, suggesting less progression of vasculopathy. Both HS expression and UEA-1 binding were higher in the neutral group, whereas HS expression was markedly more preserved than UEA-1 binding in the acidic group. In vessels with low L/V ratio, which were found only in the acidic group, HS expression and UEA-1 binding were diminished, suggesting a loss of glycocalyx. CONCLUSION: Peritoneal endothelial glycocalyx was more preserved in patients treated with low-GDP, pH-neutral solution. The use of low-GDP, pH-neutral solutions could help to protect peritoneal vascular structures and functions.
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