Transdiagnostic neuroimaging of reward system phenotypes in ADHD and comorbid disorders
SourceNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, vol. 128, (2021), pp. 165-181
Article / Letter to editor
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PI Group Memory & Emotion
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
vol. vol. 128
Subject130 000 Cognitive Neurology & Memory; Radboudumc 7: Neurodevelopmental disorders DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
ADHD is a disorder characterized by changes in the reward system and which is highly comorbid with other mental disorders, suggesting common neurobiological pathways. Transdiagnostic neuroimaging findings could help to understand whether a dysregulated reward pathway might be the actual link between ADHD and its comorbidities. We here synthesize ADHD neuroimaging findings on the reward system with findings in obesity, depression, and substance use disorder including their comorbid appearance regarding neuroanatomical features (structural MRI) and activation patterns (resting-state and functional MRI). We focus on findings from monetary-incentive-delay (MID) and delay-discounting (DD) tasks and then review data on striatal connectivity and volumetry. Next, for better understanding of comorbidity in adult ADHD, we discuss these neuroimaging features in ADHD, obesity, depression and substance use disorder and ask whether ADHD heterogeneity and comorbidity are reflected by a common dysregulation in the reward system. Finally, we highlight conceptual issues related to heterogeneous paradigms, different phenotyping, longitudinal prediction and highlight some promising future directions for using striatal reward functioning as a clinical biomarker.
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