Vertical bone augmentation and regular implants versus short implants in the vertically deficient posterior mandible: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized studies
SourceInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 50, 9, (2021), pp. 1249-1258
Article / Letter to editor
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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the outcomes of short dental implants (≤7mm) versus vertical bone augmentation followed by regular dental implants (>7mm) in the deficient posterior mandible. In total, eight RCTs (six using interpositional sandwich grafting and two using a guided bone regeneration technique) were reported in 17 articles at different time points. In the meta-analysis of the sandwich group, the relative risk (RR) for implant loss at 1year was in favour of short implants (RR 0.41, P=0.02), while no significant difference was found at 3 years (RR 0.65, P=0.43), 5 years (RR 1.08, P=0.86), or 8 years (RR 1.53, P=0.52). The risk of complications was in favour of short implants (RR 0.34, P=0.0002), as was the mean difference in marginal bone resorption after 1 year (-0.09mm, P=0.17), 3 years (-0.32mm, P<0.00001), 5 years (-0.65mm, P<0.00001), and 8 years (-0.88, P<0.00001). The mean residual osseointegration length of the implants was between 2.94mm and 4.44mm in the short implants group and between 7.97mm and 8.62mm in the regular implants group after 5 years. In conclusion, in the deficient atrophic posterior mandible, short implants and regular implants demonstrate comparable outcomes within the first 5 years. Patients who are fit for surgery should be informed about the risks and benefits of both options.
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