Does the pre-operative buccal soft tissue level at teeth or gingival phenotype dictate the aesthetic outcome after flapless immediate implant placement and provisionalization? Analysis of a prospective clinical case series
SourceInternational Journal of Implant Dentistry, vol. 7, 1, (2021), article 84
Article / Letter to editor
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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
International Journal of Implant Dentistry
vol. vol. 7
SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: Immediate implant placement (IIP) often is related to mid-buccal recession in literature. To draw conclusions about the behavior of the soft tissues following IIP, pre-operative aesthetic measurements have to be taken into account. The aim of analysis of these prospective clinical case series data was to elucidate whether the pre-operative buccal soft tissue level (STL) or gingival phenotype influence the 1-year pink aesthetic outcome after performing flapless immediate implant placement and provisionalization (FIIPP) maxillary incisor cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 97 patients, a maxillary incisor was replaced performing FIIPP. STL and phenotype were analyzed on light-photographs made pre-operatively (T(0)), direct post-operatively (T(1)), after placement of the permanent crown (T(2)), and 1 year post-operatively (T(3)). To investigate if a pre-operative buccal soft tissue deficiency or excess influenced the total pink esthetic score (total-PES) per patient at T(3), PES-3 was modified by adding a minus ("-") or plus ("+") in case of a STL-deficiency or excess, respectively. RESULTS: Pre-operatively, 40% of the cases showed a mid-buccal recession (STL-deficiency), 19% STL-excess, while in 41% an equal level in comparison with the contra-lateral tooth was observed (STL-neutral). One year post-operatively, 79% (31/39) of the recession cases showed soft tissue gain, while STL-excess cases showed the highest rate of soft tissue reduction (94%; 17/18). This resulted in a decrease of soft tissue recessions and excesses (to 26% and 4%, respectively), and an increase of ideal STL (PES-3-score 2) to 70%. The 1-year aesthetic outcome was not statistically different (p = 0.577) between patients with a pre-operative soft tissue recession (mean T(3) total-PES = 12.18) or STL excess (mean T(3) total-PES = 11.94). Of the total population, 71 patients with a thin, and 26 with a thick phenotype were evaluated. No statistical difference (p = 0.08) was present in aesthetic outcome between the two phenotypes (thin mean T(3) total-PES = 12.30, thick mean T(3) total-PES = 11.65). CONCLUSION: Regardless of phenotype, preoperative soft tissue recession, or excess, comparable high aesthetic outcomes were achieved 1 year post-operatively. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Ethical approval was obtained and registered on 20 October 2015 ( NTR5583/NL4170 ).
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