Temporal prediction elicits rhythmic preactivation of relevant sensory cortices
Number of pages
SourceEuropean Journal of Neuroscience, 55, 11-12, (2022), pp. 3324-3339
Article / Letter to editor
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PI Group Predictive Brain
SW OZ DCC CO
SW OZ DCC SMN
European Journal of Neuroscience
Subject180 000 Predictive Brain; Action, intention, and motor control
Being able to anticipate events before they happen facilitates stimulus processing. The anticipation of the contents of events is thought to be implemented by the elicitation of prestimulus templates in sensory cortex. In contrast, the anticipation of the timing of events is typically associated with entrainment of neural oscillations. It is so far unknown whether and in which conditions temporal expectations interact with feature-based expectations, and, consequently, whether entrainment modulates the generation of content-specific sensory templates. In this study, we investigated the role of temporal expectations in a sensory discrimination task. We presented participants with rhythmically interleaved visual and auditory streams of relevant and irrelevant stimuli while measuring neural activity using magnetoencephalography. We found no evidence that rhythmic stimulation induced prestimulus feature templates. However, we did observe clear anticipatory rhythmic preactivation of the relevant sensory cortices. This oscillatory activity peaked at behaviourally relevant, in-phase, intervals. Our results suggest that temporal expectations about stimulus features do not behave similarly to explicitly cued, nonrhythmic, expectations, yet elicit a distinct form of modality-specific preactivation.
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