Inflammatory bowel disease patients provide reliable self-reported medical information: A multicentre prospective pharmacovigilance monitoring system
SourcePharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 30, 4, (2021), pp. 520-524
Article / Letter to editor
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Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
SubjectRadboudumc 5: Inflammatory diseases RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
PURPOSE: To assess the agreement between patient-reported and health care provider-reported medical information in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: This multicentre, prospective, event monitoring study enrolled adult Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) patients treated with a biological in four medical centers in the Netherlands. At two-monthly intervals, patients completed questionnaires on biological use, combination therapy and indication. The patient-reported information was compared with their electronic health records (EHRs) and analysed for percentage agreement and Cohen's kappa. A reference population from a prospective IBD registry was used to assess the representativeness of the study population. RESULTS: In total, 182 patients (female 50.5%, mean age 42.2 years, CD 76.9%) were included in the analysis. At baseline, 51.0% of the patients were prescribed an immunomodulator (43.9% thiopurines, 7.1% methotrexate), and patients were prescribed biologicals as follows: 59.3% infliximab, 30.2% adalimumab, 9.3% vedolizumab, and 1.1% ustekinumab. Agreement on patient-reported indication and biological use was almost perfect (κ = 0.878 and κ = 1.000, respectively); substantial for combination therapy (κ = 0.672). Gender, age, type of IBD, biological use and combination therapy were comparable with the reference population. CONCLUSION: Systematic patient-reporting by questionnaires was reliable in retrieving indication and treatment specific information from IBD patients. These results indicate that the use of patient-reporting outcomes in daily IBD practice can ensure reliable information collection.
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