The gendered criminalization of land defenders in Ecuador: From individualization to collective resistance in feminized territories
Abingdon : Routledge
InMenton, M.; Le Billon, P. (ed.), Environmental defenders: Deadly struggles for life and territory, pp. 76-87
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Le Billon, P.
SW OZ RSCR CAOS
Menton, M.; Le Billon, P. (ed.), Environmental defenders: Deadly struggles for life and territory
SubjectAnthropology and Development Studies
This chapter reflects upon two features of the violence against land and environmental defenders, anti-extraction activists, and communities that oppose extractive activities in Ecuador. The first aspect is the gendered character of this violence, which produces feminized territories; the second aspect is the perils of individualization of struggles in relation to this violence, and the benefits of its collectivization. We use a critical feminist geography perspective and base this reflection on various interviews and long-term fieldwork in the Amazon region, particularly with communities affected by extractive activities, and on the analysis of the political action of the collective Mujeres Amazónicas (Amazonian Women).
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