Treatments for sleep disturbances in individuals with acquired brain injury: A systematic review
SourceClinical Rehabilitation, 35, 11, (2021), pp. 1518-1529
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC NRP
SubjectNeuropsychology and rehabilitation psychology; Neuro- en revalidatiepsychologie
Objective: To systematically review the evidence on the treatments of sleep disturbances in individuals with acquired brain injury.Data sources:PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and PsycINFO were searched from inception to January 2021. Review method: Eligibility criteria were (1) participants with mild to severe acquired brain injury from traumatic brain injury and stroke (>=three months post-injury), (2) individuals aged 16 years and older, (3) participants with self-reported sleep disturbances, (4) controlled group studies and single case (experimental) studies, and (5) interventions aimed at treatment of sleep disturbances. Two researchers independently identified relevant studies and assessed their study quality using the revised Cochrane assessment of bias tool (RoB 2.0) and the risk-of-bias in N-of-1 trials (RoBiNT) scale. Results: The search yielded 655 records; 11 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included, with a total of 227 participants (207 individuals with traumatic brain injury, 20 stroke patients). Two studies included pharmacological therapy, six studies examined the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy and three studies investigated alternative interventions such as acupuncture. Conclusion: Although there was heterogeneity in the study quality of the included studies, their outcomes suggest that cognitive behavioral therapy is recommended as treatment of choice for improving sleep in individuals with acquired brain injury, especially for patients with mild to severe traumatic brain injury. Future research should examine the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy in more high-quality randomized controlled designs.
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