How context changes the neural basis of perception and language
SourceiScience, 24, 3, (2021), article 102392
Article / Letter to editor
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Communicatie en Beïnvloeding
SW OZ DCC SMN
SubjectAction, intention, and motor control; Language & Communication; Narrative, Cognition & Communication
Cognitive processes - from basic sensory analysis to language understanding - are typically contextualized. While the importance of considering context for understanding cognition has long been recognized in psychology and philosophy, it has not yet had much impact on cognitive neuroscience research, where cognition is often studied in decontextualized paradigms. Here, we present examples of recent studies showing that context changes the neural basis of diverse cognitive processes, including perception, attention, memory, and language. Within the domains of perception and language, we review neuroimaging results showing that context interacts with stimulus processing, changes activity in classical perception and language regions, and recruits additional brain regions that contribute crucially to naturalistic perception and language. We discuss how contextualized cognitive neuroscience will allow for discovering new principles of the mind and brain.
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