Ibuprofen treatment after the first days of life in preterm neonates with patent ductus arteriosus
SourceJournal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 34, 15, (2021), pp. 2411-2417
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
AIM: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is treated with ibuprofen and it is known that the clearance of ibuprofen increases with postnatal age. We aimed to study whether postnatal age-adjusted ibuprofen dosages improve the effectiveness of treatment compared to standard ibuprofen dosages after the first days of life. METHODS: A historical cohort of 207 preterm neonates treated with standard ibuprofen dosages (Group A; 2011-2015) was compared to a prospective cohort of 66 preterm neonates treated with postnatal age-adjusted ibuprofen dosages (Group B; 2015-2016). RESULTS: Both groups had comparable background characteristics. Treatment was started after median 6 (25-75th percentile: 4-11) and 5 (25-75th percentile: 4-11) days and effectiveness was 33.2 and 44.7% (p = .17) in groups A and B, respectively. No hemodynamically significant PDA was found in 23/49 (46.9%) of the patients born before 28 weeks after adjusted ibuprofen dosages compared to 48/162 (29.6%) after standard ibuprofen dosages (p = .04). There were significantly more reversible side effects with the postnatal age-adjusted ibuprofen dosages (p = .04). CONCLUSIONS: There seems to be a trend to higher effectiveness with the adjusted ibuprofen dosages in preterm neonates before 28 weeks, but it is associated with more reversible side effects.
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