Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy with Intraoperative Computed Tomography Scanning Improves Stone-Free Rates
SourceJournal of Endourology, 35, 3, (2021), pp. 267-273
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Endourology
SubjectRadboudumc 11: Renal disorders RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 15: Urological cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
Introduction: The use of fluoroscopy during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) may lead to an overestimation of stone-free rates. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of intraoperative CT-guided PCNL compared with standard of care (SoC) PCNL. Patients and Methods: A prospective feasibility study (20 patients undergoing PCNL with an intraoperative CT scan between June 2017 and February 2020) and a retrospective study of a historical cohort (20 consecutive patients undergoing SoC PCNL between September 2015 and September 2016) were conducted. All procedures were performed by an expert endourologist in a tertiary referral hospital. Follow-up was performed at 6 weeks postoperatively. The primary goal is to investigate the practicality and potential benefits and harms of intraoperative CT scanning during PCNL. Secondary outcomes are a stone-free rate after the 6-week follow-up, perioperative radiation exposure, the need for postoperative imaging, and peri- and postoperative complications. Statistical significance was considered at p < 0.05. Results: The initial stone-free rate in the CT scan group was 65% (n = 13). In 25% (n = 5) of patients, residual stone fragments were removed after the perioperative CT scan. In the SoC group, 85% (n = 17) of patients were thought to be stone free perioperatively. At the 6-week follow-up, 80% (n = 16) in the CT scan group vs 50% in the SoC group (n = 10) were found to be stone free. Radiation exposure, perioperatively, was higher in the CT scan group. Complications were comparable between groups. Limitations of the study are the nonrandomized design of the study and nonstandardized follow-up imaging. Conclusions: Intraoperative CT scanning during PCNL is feasible and gives a better estimate of any remaining stone fragments compared with fluoroscopy only.
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