Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes in Low-Risk Patients With Breast Cancer Treated With Single-Dose Preoperative Partial Breast Irradiation
SourceInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 109, 5, (2021), pp. 1325-1331
Article / Letter to editor
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International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
SubjectRadboudumc 14: Tumours of the digestive tract RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
PURPOSE: Preoperative partial breast irradiation (PBI) has the potential to induce tumor regression. We evaluated the differences in the numbers of preirradiation tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) between responders and nonresponders after preoperative PBI in low-risk patients with breast cancer. Furthermore, we evaluated the change in number of TILs before and after irradiation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In the prospective ABLATIVE study, low-risk patients with breast cancer underwent treatment with single-dose preoperative PBI (20 Gy) to the tumor and breast-conserving surgery after 6 or 8 months. In the preirradiation diagnostic biopsy and postirradiation resection specimen, numbers of TILs in 3 square regions of 450 x 450 mum were counted manually. TILs were visualized with CD3, CD4, and CD8 immunohistochemistry. Differences in numbers of preirradiation TILs between responders and nonresponders were tested using Mann-Whitney U test. Responders were defined as pathologic complete or near-complete response, and nonresponders were defined "as all other response." Changes in numbers of TILs after preoperative PBI was evaluated with the Wilcoxon signed rank test. RESULTS: Preirradiation tissue was available from 28 patients, postirradiation tissue from 29 patients, resulting in 22 pairs of preirradiation and postirradiation tissue. In these 35 patients, 15 had pathologic complete response (43%), 11 had a near-complete response (31%), 7 had a partial response (20%), and 2 had stable disease (6%). The median numbers of CD3(+) TILs, CD4(+) TILs, and CD8(+) TILs in the preirradiation tumor tissue were 49 (interquartile range [IQR], 36-80), 45 (IQR, 28-57), and 19 (IQR, 8-35), respectively. The number of preirradiation TILs did not differ significantly between responders and nonresponders. The median numbers of CD3(+) TILs, CD4(+) TILs, and CD8(+) TILs in postirradiation tumor tissue were 17 (IQR, 13-31), 26 (IQR, 16-35), and 7 (IQR, 5-11), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: After preoperative PBI in this limited cohort, the number of TILs in tumor tissue decreased. No differences in numbers of preirradiation TILs between responders and nonresponders were observed.
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