Sex differences in response to allopurinol and benzbromarone in gout: a retrospective cohort study
SourceRheumatology Advances in Practice, 5, 1, (2021), article rkab002
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Rheumatology Advances in Practice
SubjectRadboudumc 5: Inflammatory diseases RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
OBJECTIVE: Owing to lower mean uric acid excretion in women compared with men, uricosuric agents might be preferred in women over xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitors. We therefore investigated the differences in response to two urate-lowering therapies (ULTs) with different modes of action within and between sexes. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients with a clinical diagnosis of gout who started allopurinol and/or benzbromarone. The successful response to ULT, defined as reaching a serum uric acid (sUA) target of <0.36 mmol/l within 6 months after commencing ULT, was compared between allopurinol and benzbromarone in women and men. Effect modification by sex on differences in response was evaluated. RESULTS: Allopurinol was started in 255 women and 1045 men, and benzbromarone in 60 women and 205 men. After 6 months, the proportions of women reaching the sUA target were 58.4% and 66.7% for allopurinol and benzbromarone, respectively (difference, -8%; 95% CI: -22%, 5%). The respective proportions in men were 61.0% and 75.6%, respectively (difference, -15%; 95% CI: -21%, -8%). Corrected for confounding, the odds ratio (OR) of reaching the target on benzbromarone vs allopurinol within women was 0.91 (95% CI: 0.47, 1.75), and within men 1.55 (95% CI: 1.04, 2.32). Corrected for confounding, sex was not an effect modifier of the difference in allopurinol and benzbromarone response (OR, 0.59; 95% CI: 0.28, 1.24). CONCLUSION: This study did not demonstrate between-sex differences regarding the response to either a uricosuric agent or an XO inhibitor, negating different treatment choices by sex.
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