Ultra-performance liquid chromatography for quantification of amphotericin B plasma concentrations after use of liposomal amphotericin B
SourceJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 76, 4, (2021), pp. 961-966
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
SubjectRadboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
OBJECTIVES: Liposomal amphotericin B is widely used to treat life-threatening invasive fungal infections and has replaced conventional amphotericin B deoxycholate due to its more favourable toxicity profile. Despite the fact that liposomal amphotericin B has been licensed for several decades, there is still a paucity of clinical pharmacokinetic data. An assay for the quantification of amphotericin B is necessary to allow the study of its pharmacokinetics. METHODS: A UPLC-photodiode array (PDA) analytical method was developed and validated (linearity, accuracy, precision, dilution integrity, carry-over, selectivity and stability) in accordance with EMA requirements. RESULTS: The analytical method was validated over a concentration range of 0.5-50.0 mg/L. Accuracy ranged from 97.6% to 112.1% and within-day repeatability and between-day reproducibility from 1.0% to 6.6% and from 0.4% to 4.6%, respectively, dependent on the concentration. Originally, the goal was to develop an analytical method to separate the liposomal and free amphotericin B fractions, but this was not achieved. Difficulties and bottlenecks encountered are presented. CONCLUSIONS: A UPLC-PDA analytical method was developed to quantify total amphotericin B in plasma after the use of liposomal amphotericin B.
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