Quality indicators for appropriate antimicrobial therapy in the emergency department: a pragmatic Delphi procedure
SourceClinical Microbiology and Infection, 27, 2, (2021), pp. 210-214
Article / Letter to editor
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Clinical Microbiology and Infection
SubjectRadboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
OBJECTIVES: Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) has established its importance for inpatient care. AMS is, however, also urgently needed in emergency departments (ED), where many antimicrobial prescriptions are initiated. It is currently unclear what metrics stewardship teams can use to measure and improve the appropriateness of antimicrobial prescription in the ED. In this study we develop quality indicators (QIs) for antimicrobial use in the ED. METHODS: A RAND-modified Delphi procedure was used to develop a set of QIs applicable to adult patients who present at the ED with a potential infection. First, pragmatically using two recent papers of the international expert-group DRIVE-AB, potential ED-specific QIs for appropriate antimicrobial use were retrieved. Thereafter, an international multidisciplinary expert panel appraised these QIs during two questionnaire rounds with a meeting in between. RESULTS: Thirty-three potential QIs were extracted from the DRIVE-AB papers. After appraisal by 13 experts, 22 QIs describing appropriate antimicrobial use in the ED were selected. These indicators provide recommendations within five domains: stewardship prerequisites (six QIs); diagnostics (one QI); empirical treatment (ten QIs); documentation of information (four QIs); and patient discharge (one QI). CONCLUSIONS: We pragmatically developed a set of 22 QIs that can be used by stewardship teams to measure the appropriateness of antimicrobial prescription in the ED. There is probably room for additional QI development to cover all key aspects of AMS in the ED. Measuring QIs can be a first step for stewardship teams to, in collaboration with ED professionals, choose targets for improvement and optimize antimicrobial use.
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