Self-concept of children and adolescents with cochlear implants
SourceInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 141, (2021), article 110506
Article / Letter to editor
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International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
SubjectRadboudumc 12: Sensory disorders DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience; Radboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
OBJECTIVES: Communicative disorders can complicate social interactions and may be detrimental for one's self-concept. This study aims to assess the self-concept of children with Cochlear Implants (CI). Results of educational peer groups (special needs or typical) were compared. Correlations amongst speech perception, language comprehension, self-concept and other study variables are determined. METHODS: This retrospectively patient file study contained 53 CI participants with a mean age of 14.2 (SD = 2.8). Self-concept was measured with the Dutch language version of the Self-Perception Profile for Children and Adolescents. Proportions of low, normal and high competence scores were compared to a normative sample. Outcomes were analyzed for the total CI group and for the two educational peer groups. RESULTS: In the Scholastic Competence, Athletic Competence, Physical Appearance and Behavioral Conduct domains larger proportions of high perceived competence levels were found in the CI Total group compared to the hearing normative sample. Children with CIs in the Mainstream educational subgroup were found to have larger proportions of high levels on these domains. Remarkably, children with CI in the Special hearing impaired educational subgroup reported comparable self-concept scores as their hearing peers. Speech perception and language comprehension were positively correlated to Scholastic Competence. CONCLUSION: This study has shown that self-concept levels of profoundly hearing impaired children with CI are comparable to those of hearing peers. They are generally satisfied with their functioning in various domains. Better speech perception and language comprehension levels are related to higher outcomes in the Scholastic Competence domain.
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