RNA Crosslinking to Analyze the Mitochondrial RNA-Binding Proteome
SourceMethods in Molecular Biology, 2192, (2021), pp. 147-158
Article / Letter to editor
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Methods in Molecular Biology
SubjectRadboudumc 6: Metabolic Disorders RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 6: Metabolic Disorders RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Even though the mammalian mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) is very small and only codes for 13 proteins, all being subunits of the oxidative phosphorylation system, it requires several hundred nuclear encoded proteins for its maintenance and expression. These include replication and transcription factors, approximately 80 mitoribosomal proteins and many proteins involved in the posttranscriptional modification, processing, and stability of mitochondrial RNAs. In recent years, many of these factors have been identified and functionally characterized, but the complete mtRNA-interacting proteome is not firmly established. Shotgun proteomics has been used successfully to define whole-cell polyadenylated RNA (poly(A)-RNA) interacting proteomes using the nucleotide analogue 4-thiouridine (4SU) combined with UV crosslinking, poly(A)-RNA isolation and mass spectrometry to identify all poly(A)-RNA bound proteins. Although in this case also a considerable number of mitochondrial proteins were identified, the method was not specifically directed at the mitochondrial poly(A)-RNA bound proteome. Here we describe a method for enrichment of the mitochondrial poly(A)-RNA bound proteome based on 4SU labeling and UV crosslinking. The method can be applied either for isolated mitochondria prior to UV crosslinking or for whole-cell crosslinking followed by mitochondrial isolation.
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