A detaching, V-shaped tibial tubercle osteotomy is a safe procedure with a low complication rate
SourceArchives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, 140, 12, (2020), pp. 1867-1872
Article / Letter to editor
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Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
INTRODUCTION: In patients with recurrent patellar dislocations, a tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) can be indicated to correct patella alta or an increased trochlear groove-tibial tubercle distance. Several surgical techniques are described. Previous studies emphasize that detaching osteotomies results in devascularisation, which can lead to non-union and tibial shaft fractures. The aim of this study was to report the complication rates directly related to the surgical technique of a V-shaped TTO, where the tubercle is completely released from its periosteum using a step-cut osteotomy. METHODS: The retrospective case series comprised a large cohort of 263 knees with patella alta in 203 patients who underwent a V-shaped TTO, with or without additional realignment procedures, between March 2004 and October 2017. Data were obtained from available patient files. Complications were defined as minor or major. RESULTS: Thirteen major complications were registered (4.9%) including two tibial fractures (0.75%) and one non-union (0.37%). Five complications (1.9%) were defined as minor. Removal of the screws because of irritation or pain was seen in 22 cases (8.2%). CONCLUSION: A V-shaped TTO is a safe procedure. The presumed higher risk for tibial fractures or pseudo-arthrosis could not be confirmed.
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