The efficacy of bone-anchored hearing implant surgery in children: A systematic review
SourceInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 132, (2020), article 109906
Article / Letter to editor
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International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
SubjectRadboudumc 12: Sensory disorders DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of Bone-Anchored Hearing implants (BAHIs) in children and to elucidate the usage and outcomes of new surgical techniques and implants in this specific population. DATA SOURCES: Embase and PubMed. STUDY SELECTION: We identified studies evaluating surgical outcomes of BAHIs in children. Retrieved articles were screened using predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Critical appraisal included directness of evidence and risk of bias. Studies that successfully passed critical appraisal were included. DATA EXTRACTION: Outcome measures included patient demographics, follow-up time, surgical technique (one-versus two-stage surgery), tissue handling technique (reduction versus preservation), type of implant used, and complications. DATA SYNTHESIS: We selected 20 articles published between 2000 and 2017 for data extraction, encompassing 952 implanted BAHIs. The overall mean age at implantation was 8.6 years (range, 2-21 years). Adverse soft-tissue reactions occurred in 251 of the 952 implants (26.4%; range 0%-89% across studies). Revision surgery was performed in 16.8% (142 of the 845) of the implants. The total rate of implant loss, i.e. caused by OIF (n = 61), trauma (n = 33), recurrent infection (n = 15), elective removal due to insufficient benefit (n = 1), cosmetic reasons (n = 1), or unknown reason (n = 16), was 13.3% of the implants (127 out of 952; range 0%-40% across studies). Differences are seen in the type of implants used; wide-diameter implants seem to be superior in terms of implant survival, and similar in terms of adverse skin reactions, while one-stage surgery and soft-tissue preservation do not seem to result in higher implant loss rates or increased adverse skin reactions based upon limited amounts of literature. CONCLUSION: In general, BAHIs are a safe method for hearing rehabilitation in children, although large differences between studies are observed. The outcomes of new surgical techniques and implant designs in the pediatric population seem promising, but more research is needed before definitive conclusions can be drawn.
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