Drooling in Parkinson's Disease: Prevalence and Progression from the Non-motor International Longitudinal Study
SourceDysphagia, 35, 6, (2020), pp. 955-961
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
Sialorrhoea in Parkinson's disease (PD) is an often neglected yet key non-motor symptom with impact on patient quality of life. However, previous studies have shown a broad range of prevalence figures. To assess prevalence of drooling in PD and its relationship to quality of life, we performed a retrospective analysis of 728 consecutive PD patients who had a baseline and follow-up assessment as part of the Non-motor International Longitudinal Study (NILS), and for whom drooling presence and severity were available, assessed through the Non-Motor Symptoms Scale (NMSS). In addition, we analysed the prevalence of associated dysphagia through self-reported outcomes. Quality of life was assessed through the PDQ-8 scale. Baseline (disease duration 5.6 years) prevalence of drooling was 37.2% (score≥1 NMSS question 19), and after 3.27 ±1.74 years follow-up, this was 40.1% (pn=n0.17). The prevalence of drooling increased with age (pn<n0.001). The severity of drooling, however, did not change (pn=n0.12). While in 456 patients without drooling at baseline, only 16% (nn=n73) had dysphagia (question 20 of the NMSS), in those with drooling this was 34.3% (pn<n0.001). At follow-up, the number of patients with dysphagia had increased, 20.4% with no drooling had dysphagia, and 43.6% with drooling had dysphagia. Both at baseline and follow-up, drooling severity was significantly positively associated with quality of life (PDQ-8; r = 0.199; pn<n0.001). In moderately advanced PD patients, subjective drooling occurs in over one-third of patients and was significantly associated with decreased quality of life. Dysphagia occurred significantly more often in patients with drooling.
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