Automatic segmentation of ultrasound images of gastrocnemius medialis with different echogenicity levels using convolutional neural networks
SourceProceedings of the Annual Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2020, (2020), pp. 2113-2116
Article / Letter to editor
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Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
The purpose of this study was to develop an automatic method for the segmentation of muscle cross-sectional area on transverse B-mode ultrasound images of gastrocnemius medialis using a convolutional neural network(CNN). In the provided dataset images with both normal and increased echogenicity are present. The manually annotated dataset consisted of 591 images, from 200 subjects, 400 relative to subjects with normal echogenicity and 191 to subjects with augmented echogenicity. From the DICOM files, the image has been extracted and processed using the CNN, then the output has been post-processed to obtain a finer segmentation. Final results have been compared to the manual segmentations. Precision and Recall scores as mean ± standard deviation for training, validation, and test sets are 0.96 ± 0.05, 0.90 ± 0.18, 0.89 ± 0.15 and 0.97 ±0.03, 0.89± 0.17, 0.90 ± 0.14 respectively. The CNN approach has also been compared to another automatic algorithm, showing better performances. The proposed automatic method provides an accurate estimation of muscle cross-sectional area in muscles with different echogenicity levels.
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