Pulmonary nodule enhancement in subtraction CT and dual-energy CT: A comparison study
SourceEuropean Journal of Radiology, 134, (2021), article 109443
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Radiology
SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 17: Women's cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
OBJECTIVE: To compare nodule enhancement on subtraction CT iodine maps to that on dual-energy CT iodine maps using CT datasets acquired simultaneously. METHODS: A previously-acquired set of lung subtraction and dual-energy CT maps consisting of thirty patients with 95solid pulmonary nodules (>/=4mm diameter) was used. Nodules were annotated and segmented on CT angiography, and mean nodule enhancement in the iodine maps calculated. Three radiologists scored nodule visibility with both techniques on a 4-point scale. RESULTS: Mean nodule enhancement was higher (p<0.001) at subtraction CT (34.9+/-12.9 HU) than at dual-energy CT (25.4+/-21.0 HU). Nodule enhancement at subtraction CT was judged more often to be "highly visible" for each observers (p<0.001) with an area under the curve of 0.81. CONCLUSIONS: Subtraction CT is able to depict iodine enhancement in pulmonary nodules better than dual-energy CT.
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