Is a negative attentional bias in individuals with autism spectrum disorder explained by comorbid depression? An eye-tracking study
Number of pages
SourceJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, (2021)
24 januari 2021
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI KLP
PI Group Memory & Emotion
SW OZ BSI OLO
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
SubjectExperimental Psychopathology and Treatment; Learning and Plasticity
Heightened attention towards negative information is characteristic of depression. Evidence is emerging for a negative attentional bias in Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), perhaps driven by the high comorbidity between ASD and depression. We investigated whether ASD is characterised by a negative attentional bias and whether this can be explained by comorbid (sub) clinical depression. Participants (n = 116) with current (CD) or remitted depression (RD) and/or ASD, and 64 controls viewed positively and negatively valenced (non-)social pictures. Groups were compared on three components of visual attention using linear mixed models. Both CD individuals with and without ASD, but not remitted depressed and never-depressed ASD individuals showed a negative bias, suggesting that negative attentional bias might be a depressive state-specific marker for depression in ASD.
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