The long-term outcomes and natural disease course of serrated polyposis syndrome: over 10 years of prospective follow-up in a specialized center
SourceGastrointestinal Endoscopy, 92, 5, (2020), pp. 1098-1107.e1
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Serrated polyposis syndrome (SPS) is the most prevalent colonic polyposis syndrome known and is associated with a high risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) if left untreated. Treatment consists of clearance of the initial polyp burden, followed by lifelong stringent endoscopic surveillance. However, the long-term safety and efficacy of surveillance and the natural disease course after initial clearance have not been described in detail. METHODS: We analyzed a single-center cohort of patients with SPS with over 10 years of prospective follow-up. Outcome measures were (1) CRC incidence, (2) postcolonoscopy adverse event rates, and (3) trends in polyp recurrence during endoscopic surveillance. RESULTS: The cohort included 142 patients who underwent a median of 6 colonoscopies with a median of 47 months of prospective follow-up after initial polyp clearance. During surveillance (every 1-2 years), 1 case of CRC occurred (5-year CRC incidence, 1.0%; 95% confidence interval, 0%-2.9%). During 447 surveillance colonoscopies with 1308 polypectomies, 1 episode of postpolypectomy bleeding, 1 postpolypectomy syndrome, and no perforations occurred (adverse event rate, 0.45% per colonoscopy). During up to 9 rounds of surveillance, no upward or downward trend in polyp recurrence was observed. CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective cohort with over 10 years of follow-up, endoscopic surveillance was effective and safe, with a low risk of CRC and colonoscopy-related adverse events. Furthermore, we show that the disease course of SPS is such that the polyp burden remains more or less equal during long-term surveillance, which advocates lifelong adherence to (personalized) surveillance guidelines and discourages de-intensifying surveillance intervals after multiple rounds of surveillance.
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