Histomorphometric Evaluation of Peri-Implant Bone Response to Intravenous Administration of Zoledronate (Zometa(®)) in an Osteoporotic Rat Model
SourceMaterials (Basel), 13, 22, (2020), article 5248
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
We evaluated the response to peri-implant bone placed in the femoral condyle of osteoporotic rats, following intravenous zoledronate (ZOL) treatment in three settings: pre-implantation (ZOL-Pre), post-implantation (ZOL-Post), and pre- + post-implantation (ZOL-Pre+Post). Twenty-four female Wistar rats were ovariectomized (OVX). After 12 weeks, the rats received titanium implants in the right femoral condyle. ZOL (0.04 mg/kg, weekly) was administered to six rats 4 weeks pre-implantation and was stopped at implant placement. To another six rats, ZOL was given post-implantation and continued for 6 weeks. Additional six rats received ZOL treatment pre- and post-implantation. Control animals received weekly saline intravenous injections. At 6 weeks post-implantation, samples were retrieved for histological evaluation of the percentage of bone area (%BA) and of the percentage of bone-to-implant contact (%BIC). BA% for ZOL-Pre (29.6% ± 9.0%) and ZOL-Post (27.9% ± 5.6%) rats were significantly increased compared to that of the controls (17.3% ± 3.9%, p < 0.05). In contrast, ZOL-Pre+Post rats (20.4% ± 5.0%) showed similar BA% compared to Saline controls (p = 0.731). BIC% revealed a significant increase for ZOL-Post (65.8% ± 16.9%) and ZOL-Pre+Post (68.3% ± 10.0%) rats compared with that of Saline controls (43.3% ± 9.6%, p < 0.05), while ZOL-Pre rats (55.6% ± 19%) showed a BIC% comparable to that of Saline controls (p = 0.408). Our results suggest that receiving intravenous ZOL treatment before or after implant placement enhances peri-implant bone responses in terms of bone area. However, the effect of different ZOL treatment regimens on BIC% was found to be inconclusive.
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