A brief demonstration of frontostriatal connectivity in OCD patients with intracranial electrodes
Number of pages
SourceNeuroImage, 220, (2020), article 117138
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC SMN
SubjectAction, intention, and motor control
Closed-loop neuromodulation is presumed to be the logical evolution for improving the effectiveness of deep brain stimulation (DBS) treatment protocols (Widge et al., 2018). Identifying symptom-relevant biomarkers that provide meaningful feedback to stimulator devices is an important initial step in this direction. This report demonstrates a technique for assaying neural circuitry hypothesized to contribute to OCD and DBS treatment outcomes. We computed phase-lag connectivity between LFPs and EEGs in thirteen treatment-refractory OCD patients. Simultaneous recordings from scalp EEG and externalized DBS electrodes in the ventral capsule/ventral striatum (VC/VS) were collected at rest during the perioperative treatment stage. Connectivity strength between midfrontal EEG sensors and VC/VS electrodes correlated with baseline OCD symptoms and 12-month posttreatment OCD symptoms. Results are qualified by a relatively small sample size, and limitations regarding the conclusiveness of VS and mPFC as neural generators given some concerns about volume conduction. Nonetheless, findings are consistent with treatment-relevant tractography findings and theories that link frontostriatal hyperconnectivity to the etiopathogenesis of OCD. Findings support the continued investigation of connectivity-based assays for aiding in determination of optimal stimulation location, and are an initial step towards the identification of biomarkers that can guide closed-loop neuromodulation systems.
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