Biallelic variants in SLC35C1 as a cause of isolated short stature with intellectual disability
until further notice
SourceJournal of Human Genetics, 65, 9, (2020), pp. 743-750
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Human Genetics
SubjectRadboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience; Radboudumc 6: Metabolic Disorders RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Variants in SLC35C1 underlie leucocyte adhesion deficiency (LADII) or congenital disorder of glycosylation type 2c (CDGIIc), an autosomal recessive disorder of fucosylation. This immunodeficiency syndrome is generally characterized by severe recurrent infections, Bombay blood group, reduced growth and intellectual disability (ID). Features are all caused by an inability to generate key fucosylated molecules due to a defective transport of GDP-fucose into the Golgi. Here we report the use of exome sequencing to identify biallelic variants in SLC35C1 (c.501_503delCTT, p.(Phe168del) and c.891T > G, p.(Asn297Lys)) in an individual with short stature and ID. Retrospective clinical examination based on the genetic findings revealed increased otitis media as the only immunological feature present in this child. Biochemical analysis of patient serum identified a clear but mild decrease in protein fucosylation. Modelling all described missense mutations on a SLC35C1 protein model showed pathogenic substitutions localise to close to the dimer interface, providing insight into the possible pathophysiology of non-synonymous causative variants identified in patients. Our evidence confirms this is the second family presenting with only a subset of features and broadens the clinical presentation of this syndrome. Of note, both families segregated a common allele (p.Phe168del), suggesting there could be an associated genotype-phenotype relationship for specific variants. Based on two out of 14 reported families not presenting with the characteristic features of SLC35C1-CDG, we suggest there is clinical utility in considering this gene in patients with short stature and ID.
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